A step-by-step framework for planning the introduction of PrEP
For PrEP to have impact, programs need to be well designed and resourced. The first step involves answering questions such as: who is at highest risk for HIV infection and to whom will PrEP be targeted? How much will this cost? Where will resources for prevention investments come from? Then, this information can shape national guidelines and policies on PrEP.
Estimate cost and impact
Consider exploring the impact of introducing PrEP incrementally to existing prevention programs—and evaluate the cost of this for different populations.
Modelling Summary | PrEP and microbicide modelling study literature review
In this step, you begin to assess which populations should be prioritized for PrEP introduction. This involves understanding the context of the epidemic, the characteristics of end users, and the size of the potential end user population. This is typically an iterative process that starts with collecting and understanding available data before developing new research.
You don’t need all the answers before moving ahead with the next steps for introduction. Now is the time to gather available information and identify gaps. Other questions include whether members of priority populations are willing and likely able to use PrEP consistently and, where applicable, to pay for it.
An estimated budget for the introduction and scale-up of PrEP to priority populations is critical. Knowing how much you think the program will cost can help structure targets and shape resource mobilization efforts with various potential funding sources.
Establish a Technical Working Group (TWG)
Technical working groups will help drive strategic decision making for PrEP introduction. For guidance on setting up a TWG, click here.
Create an implementation plan and timeline
In this step you synthesize the information gathered in the previous activities and use it to develop a road map for when and where PrEP will first be introduced, and how access will scale up over time. This timeline shows PrEP moving from a proof-of-concept to rollout.
PrEP programs are supported by a range of documents. Ensuring you have the needed framework in place is an ongoing process in this initial phase of planning. Things to consider and plan for include guidelines – national-level documents that give a high-level recommendation for how PrEP should be used. Many countries are now including PrEP in their ARV guidelines, that also address how ART should be used in people living with HIV. These guidelines do not provide the detail needed for a program implementer, clinician, or service provider.
In June 2016, the WHO issued its consolidated guidelines on the use of antiretrovirals for prevention and treatment. This is the over-arching global document that is guiding country adoption of PrEP and immediate offer of ART.
For additional related documents developed by WHO, PEPFAR and UNAIDS, click here.
Policies (also called guidance) offer more specific information about how a country’s PrEP program should look, including eligibility criteria, clinical considerations, components of the minimum package of services that should be associated with PrEP introduction, etc.
This site matches individuals who are interested in PrEP to eligible health plans and provides comparative pricing. PrEPcost.org is designed for both PrEP users and health care providers to make it easy to navigate the insurance options and find the best plans available.
At least 309,525 people have started to take PrEP in 68 countries, but 71 percent of PrEP users are in North America, according to a global analysis presented by AVAC to the HIVR4P conference in Madrid.
The OPTIONS Consortium has created a new five-part video series, Demand Creation for PrEP, focused on demand creation for HIV prevention behaviors drawn from the OPTIONS led 2018 AIDS Pre-Conference event, Insight to Impact.